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Thuraya

From: THURAYA Satellite Telecommunications Company (October 1999)

PROFILE

The THURAYA Satellite Telecommunications Company will operate a regional mobile telecommunication via satellite (GMPCS) system to help meet the need for affordable, high-quality mobile phone services the most populous region of the world.

Starting commercial operation in September 2000, THURAYA will provide voice, data, fax, short messaging and location determination services to a coverage area of 99 countries spanning Europe, North and Central Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent.

The company was founded in 1997, on an equity base of US $ 500 million by a group of prominent national telecom operators and financial investors. In July 1999, a four bank consortium underwrote a loan of US 600 million for the remainder of the project cost.

The THURAYA system consists of a geostationary satellite, which has a lifespan of 12 to 15 years and positioned at 44 degrees East above the equator.

Its hand held terminals and vehicular terminals will allow dual mode use that integrates GSM with satellite services, thereby vastly expanding existing telecommunication networks.

Because of the natural integration of the two technologies, THURAYA's market strategy is to work closely with local telecom operators by complementing their terrestrial services in remote areas.

The longer life span of a GEO ensures lower outlay and operation costs while allowing for longer payback period on initial capital. The rapid border to border roll out of the system contributes in ultimately passing greater savings on to the end user.

THURAYA's US$1 billion contract with Hughes Space and Communications International, Inc. includes provisions for a spare ground satellite that may be launched at a later date to expand system capacity.

The primary gateway in Sharjah UAE will serve the entire coverage area, and plans are underway to establish additional gateways at other locations as necessary.

FACT SHEET

Background:

* THURAYA is a private joint stock company that was founded in 1997. Manufacture of the US $ 1 billion turnkey project was contracted to Hughes Space and Communications International, Inc

* THURAYA's first satellite will be launched in mid 2000, and commercial services will commence in September 2000. A spare satellite may be launched later to expand system capacity.

* THURAYA's satellite is a geosynchronous satellite positioned at 44 degrees East above the Indian Ocean. It has a lifespan of 12 to 15 years.

* THURAYA's footprint of 99 countries spans Europe, North and Central Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent.

* A primary gateway is currently under construction in Sharjah UAE, that will house an advanced operational centre with switching and tracking facilities.

Services: Voice, data, fax, short messaging and location determination (Global Positioning System-GPS).

* Voice: Comparable to GSM quality * Fax: ITU-T G3 at 2.4, 4.8 and 9.6 Kbps * Data: 2.4, 4.8 and 9.6 Kbps * Messaging: GSM short messaging service * Location determination: Within 100 m accuracy (Global Positioning System-GPS)

Shareholders: Emirates Telecommunications Corporation (ETISALAT) --UAE Abu Dhabi Investment Company (ADIC)--UAE Arab Satellite Communications Organization (ARABSAT) Saudi Arabia Qatar Telecom QSC (Q-Tel) --Qatar Al Murjan Trading and Industrial Company (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) Dubai Investments PJSC --UAE General Post & Telecommunications Company --Libya Gulf Investment Corporation (GIC) --Kuwait Hughes Space & Communications International, Inc (HSCI) --USA Mobile Telecommunications Company KSC (MTC) --Kuwait Bahrain Telecommunications Company (BATELCO) --Bahrain General Telecommunications Organization -Sultanate of Oman Public Telecommunications Corporation --Yemen Egypt Telecom Itissalat Al Maghrib -Morocco Sudan Telecommunications Company Ltd (Sudatel) --Sudan Tunisie Telecom (Tunisia) Deutsche Telepost Consulting GmbH (DETECON) -Germany

THURAYA P.O. Box 33344 Abu Dhabi, UAE Tel +9712 6161229 Fax +9712 6417884

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