Back to Main Menu

Spaceway

spaceway.jpg (30392 bytes)

A $3.2 billion project from Hughes Communications Inc, using nine HS702 satellites. Expected into service in 2000.

Type:HS702
Lifetime:15 years
Ka-band spectrum: 500 MHz
Data Throughput 4.4 Gbit/s
Number of Beams:44
Communication beam bandwidth: 125 MHz
Downlink data rate: 108 Mbit/s
Downlink EIRP: 60 dBW, pk
Uplink Access: FDM/TDMA
Downlink: TDM

EL SEGUNDO, Calif., and FISHKILL, N.Y., September 18, 2001 -- Boeing Satellite Systems (BSS), a unit of The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA), has completed design of nine unique types of application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs) for the Spaceway broadband satellite system. IBM (NYSE: IBM) will use BSS designs to build multimillion-gate ASICs that consume half as much power per function while delivering four times the processing capability of current-generation chips.

Spaceway is a next-generation broadband satellite system from Hughes Network Systems (HNS), a unit of Hughes Electronics, that is scheduled for North American service in 2003. This high-speed broadband communications platform will employ satellites with innovative on-board digital processors, packet switching and active phased-array antenna technology. Boeing is building three Spaceway satellites - two for the North America segment plus a spare.

The ASICs will execute key functions of the spacecraft's Digital Signal Processor (DSP), the heart of the revolutionary Spaceway payload. These functions include signal demodulation/modulation, fast packet switching, antenna control and other payload support functions. BSS performed the logic design, floor planning and timing for these extremely complex ASICs. IBM has translated those designs into a transistor-level netlist (schematic) and has already begun fabrication.

The Spaceway ASICs range in size from 136,000 to more than eight million gates (circuits) each, a record-breaking space performance milestone made possible by BSS design expertise and IBM's 0.16-micron SA 27 copper ASIC technology.

"Spaceway will employ the most powerful space-borne digital signal processor to orbit the Earth," said Randy H. Brinkley, president of Boeing Satellite Systems. "It will be capable of a mind-boggling 50 trillion operations per second. You would need more than 10,000 Pentium III-based computers to equal its processing power. That capability will enable Spaceway to succeed in its mission of providing a hubless, full-mesh broadband system delivering flexible bandwidth-on-demand to businesses and consumers."

Spaceway builds on the digital signal-processing heritage developed at BSS over the past decade. The Spaceway DSP incorporates technology similar to that used on the third-generation Boeing-built DSP, part of a narrowband satellite system that is now on orbit. By comparison, the next-generation ASICs in the Spaceway DSP will consume half as much power per function while delivering four times the processing capacity.

"We're pleased to be working with BSS and IBM on the Spaceway program. The combined expertise of our teams will bring a unique and powerful technology platform into existence. The delivery of these complex ASIC designs takes us one step closer to realizing the most advanced and innovative broadband solution ever conceived," said Mike Cook, general manager of Spaceway at HNS.

A critical part of the DSP is an autonomous 10-Gbps fast packet switch, which can be likened to an Internet router in space. Spaceway users will enjoy super-fast download speeds of up to 30 Mbps, and uplink rates ranging from 512 Kbps for individual users, to tens of Mbps, which would be provided to a business or major hub. Along with super high-speed access, Spaceway will provide full- mesh connectivity, allowing users to communicate on a single-hop, peer-to-peer basis, thereby reducing latency and enhancing collaborative interaction among work groups. This capability is enabled by the fast packet switch, which will individually route each packet of each user's transmission to the correct downlink beam to reach its intended destination.

In addition to directing the traffic moving through the fast packet switch, the DSP also dynamically controls the beam-forming function performed by the downlink antenna. This antenna technology will enable the system to deliver at least 50 percent more capacity per satellite than any other competing broadband satellite system under development today.

Integral to the DSP are two powerful computers that are based on the IBM PowerPC 750 microprocessor. Operating in parallel, these computers are together capable of 1.4 billion instructions per second. The previous most-powerful space-borne computer was capable of about 30 or 40 million instructions per second.

"This chip is a perfect example of IBM's ability to deliver high performance in an incredibly demanding environment, not only with custom products but with standard, mass-produced microprocessors," said Scottie Ginn, vice president and business line executive, pervasive computing, IBM Microelectronics.

The computers will also enable Spaceway to provide bandwidth-on-demand; the ability to flexibly transmit video, voice, audio and multimedia wherever it is needed to meet customer demand.

TRACKING THE STARS - Boosted by its innovation in controlling spacecraft attitude using rotational star trackers, Boeing Satellite Systems (BSS) was able to meet the demanding design requirements for the Spaceway broadband satellite system, which the company is currently building for Hughes Electronics. The BSS-built Spaceway satellites will each feature two star trackers designed to achieve increased pointing accuracy due to an invention covered by a U.S. patent granted recently to three current and one former BSS employees.

SANTA CLARA, Calif. -- December 3, 2001 -- Sun Microsystems, Inc. today announced that Hughes Network Systems, the world's leading broadband by satellite provider, has selected Sun Microsystems to power its new SPACEWAY satellite network. As part of the five-year multimillion agreement, Sun will supply all of the core UNIX® -based systems for the ground infrastructure of the program.

"We chose Sun to provide our UNIX-based infrastructure because of the scalability and reliability of its environment," said Mike Cook, vice president and general manager of SPACEWAY. "Sun's infrastructure offering will help support SPACEWAY's peer-to-peer architecture and delivery of high-speed, bandwidth on demand services to North American enterprises and consumers."

Sun systems power numerous satellite systems worldwide, including HNS and the TRW Satellite Control System being developed for the U.S. Air Force Space Command.

Further Information

Web Site: http://www.spaceway.com

 

ComLinks Satellite Intelligence
Philadelphia